Bharatpur was founded by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733 and the bird's own city is famous for its bird century all over the world. The amazing destination is carved out of the ancient kingdom of Mewar that was ruled by the Rajputs. Popularly called as the 'Eastern Gateway of Rajasthan' the place gives an opportunity to explore the regal and vivacious side of state. Located at an approximate distance of just 184 kilometers south-west of the national capital - Delhi the city provides passage to other famous tourist attractions such as Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Jaipur and Udaipur.
According to the Hindu epic Ramayana the township of Bharatpur is named after the Bharat, the second brother of Lord Rama the son of Dasharatha and Kaikeyi. The Ramayana says that the Laxman was worshipped as the family deity of the royal family of Bharatpur.
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
The dense forest around the region is being protected by forest department India, now a noted National Park, was declared as a bird sanctuary in 1956. Spread over an area of 29 square kilometers, site also features the world heritage site of UNESCO. The Bharatpur bird sanctuary is named as the Keoladeo Ghana National Park which is often referred to as Ornithologist's paradise. This natural reserve gives shelter to 375 species of wonderful birds along with animals and reptiles. The deep forest area attracts thousands of indigenous as well as migratory birds annually which also includes the world famous Siberian cranes.
Lohagarh fort is a huge and magnificent historical structure, erected in the early 18th century by Maharaja Suraj Mal. Due to its unconquerable defenses, the fort frustrated several British attacks and today stands proud as living testimony to the knighthood and courage of the rulers of Bharatpur. Inside the premises of the fort it has three palaces namely Kishori Mahal, Kothi Kothi Khas and Mahal Khas.
Deeg Palace which is located at an approximate distance of 35 Kilometer from Bharatpur that shows a marvel of ancient engineering skills. The palace was commissioned by Maharaja Suraj Mal. The chief attraction of the Palace is quadrangle-shaped palace surrounded by many fountains, shrubs, trees and gardens and two large water tanks called Roop Sagar and Gopal Sagar.
Government Museum Bharatpur is a best showcase of rich heritage and variant culture of this region. Artifacts, exquisitely carved sculptures and ample of ancient inscriptions will take you to the delightful journey to the glorious past of the vibrant Rajasthan.
Some more excursions around Bharatpur:
- Bayana (34 Km)
- Kaman (55 Km)
- Bandh Baretha (55 Km)
- Fatehpur Sikri (22 Km)
- Agra (55 Km)
The famous Braj festival of Bharatpur makes the city alive with rural sports, horse dance, tug-of-war competitions, folk music and dances which continues for three days. The main attraction of the festival is Rasilla, depicting the eternal love story of the Radha and Krishna.
How to Reach Bharatpur:
Bharatpur is strategically located on the Agra-Jaipur highway, approximately 55 km from Agra and 180 Km from Jaipur. The city has good network of rail and roadways that connects major cities in the country. Two of the airports Delhi and Jaipur are located almost at same distance from Bharatpur.